Refugees In International Law - 1951 Convention for Refugees
Refugees International Law,1951 Convention Refugees, international law,1951 convention,
united nations ,convention relating, refugees define, international instruments, refugees, convention ,international,1951, law

 

 

Refugees In International Law - 1951 Convention for Refugees
Refugees International Law,1951 Convention Refugees, international law,1951 convention, united nations ,convention relating, refugees define, international instruments, refugees, convention ,international,1951, law

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Refugees in International Law

Under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees , which is International Law for Refugees , a refugee means any human being who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of their nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail him/herself of the protection of that country

 

Refugees in International Law  and  1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees.


Text of the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations with an introductory note by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, to explain the situation of refugees in international law.

. Following the deliberations of the UN on resolving the legal status of refugees under international law, United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees in International Law was adopted July 28, 1951. This instrument of refugees under international law entered into force April 22, 1954. The 1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees strengthens previous international instruments Refugee in International Law and Codification provides the most comprehensive
rights of refugees under international law, even tried internationally.

Basic minimum standards for Refugees in International Law .
This  international refugee law, establishes the basic minimum standards for the treatment of refugees in international law, without prejudice to States from granting a more favorable treatment. The Convention on the Status of Refugees must be applied without discrimination of race, religion or country of origin, and contains various safeguards against the expulsion of refugees. Convention on the Status of Refugees also provision for their documentation, including a refugee travel document in Passport completed. Most of the States Parties to the Convention 1951 edition of this document.
Convention on the Status of Refugees became as widely accepted as was the old "Nansen passport. Some provisions of the Convention of 1951 are considered so fundamental that
No reservation may be made.

Refugees In International Law and Application of 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees in International Law.

Convention of 1951 Relating to the Status of Refugees define the definition of the term "refugee" and the so-called principle that no Contracting State shall expel or return a refugee, his cons
will, in any manner whatsoever, to a territory where he or she fears persecution. However, this instrument of refugees under international law does not apply to these refugees are the concern of United Nations agencies other than UNHCR, the UN agency for refugees, such as Palestine Refugees , Neither of those refugees who have equal status to nationals of their countries of refuge.
While previous international instruments applied only to specific groups of
refugees, the definition of "refugee" contained in Article 1 of the
1951 Convention is drafted in general terms. But the scope of the 1951 Convention
is limited to persons who became refugees as a result of events before 1 January 1951 ..
With the passage of time and the emergence of new refugee situations, the need has been felt more and more to make the provisions of the 1951 Convention applicable so new refugees.

Refugees In International Law and Article 1 of provisions of  Convention 1951 for refugees,
It  shall not apply to any Refugees with respect to whom there are serious reasons for considering that: a) he has committed a crime against peace, a war crime, or a crime against
humanity, as defined in the international instruments drawn up to
make provision in respect of such crimes; (b) he has committed a serious non-political crime outside the country of refuge prior to his admission to that country as a refugee;
(c) he has been guilty of acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the
United Nations.

Application of  1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees  in International Law.

Consequently, a protocol on the status of the refugees had been prepared and approved by the General Assembly United Nations in 1966 and entered into force October 4, 1967.
By acceding to the Protocol of 1967 for Refugees, States undertake to apply the substantive provisions the 1951 Convention to all refugees covered by the definition of
the latter, but not limited to date. Although related to the convention Thus, the Protocol for Refugees is an independent instrument, accession to what is not limited to States Parties to the Convention of 1951.

Refugees In International Law and Main international instruments  for Refugees in International Law


The 1951 Convention and Protocol 1967 for refugees are the main international instruments established for the protection of refugees and their basic character
has been widely recognized internationally. The General Assembly has frequently
called upon States to become parties to these instruments for Refugees.

Refugees In International Law and Article 2 of 1951 Convention  for refugees define general obligations for Refugees.
Every refugee has duties to the country in which he finds himself, which
require in particular that he conform to its laws and regulations as well as to
measures taken for the maintenance of public order.
Provided that this paragraph shall not apply to a refugee falling under
section A (1) of this article who is able to invoke compelling reasons
arising out of previous persecution for refusing to return to the country
of his former habitual residence.
D. This 1951 Convention  for refugees shall not apply to persons who are at present receiving
from organs or agencies of the United Nations other than the United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees protection or assistance. When such protection or assistance has ceased for any reason, without the position of such persons being definitively settled in accordance with the
relevant resolutions adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations,
these persons shall ipso facto be entitled to the benefits of this 1951 Convention  for refugees.
E. This 1951 Convention  for refugees shall not apply to a person who is recognized by the
competent authorities of the country in which he has taken residence as
having the rights and obligations which are attached to the possession of the
nationality of that country.
F. The provisions of this 1951 Convention  for refugees shall not apply to any person with
respect to whom there are serious reasons for considering that:
(a) he has committed a crime against peace, a war crime, or a crime against
humanity, as defined in the international instruments drawn up to
make provision in respect of such crimes;
(b) he has committed a serious non-political crime outside the country of
refuge prior to his admission to that country as a refugee;
(c) he has been guilty of acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the
United Nations.

Refugees In International Law and Article 2 of 1951 Convention  for refugees define more general conditions for Refugees.

Every refugee has duties to the country in which he finds himself, which
require in particular that he conform to its laws and regulations as well as to
measures taken for the maintenance of public order.
. Each Contracting State shall continue to accord to refugees the rights and
benefits to which they were already entitled, in the absence of reciprocity, at
the date of entry into force of this Convention
for refugees for that State.


.
More Application of 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees in International Law.


. Article 25
of 1951 Convention  for refugees define administrative assistance:. When the exercise of a right by a refugee would normally require the assistance of authorities of a foreign country to whom he cannot have recourse, the Contracting States in whose territory he is residing shall arrange that such assistance be afforded to him by their own authorities or by an international authority.

Refugees In International Law and Article 26 of 1951 Convention  for refugees define freedom of movement.

 Each Contracting State shall accord to refugees lawfully in its territory the right to choose their place of residence to move freely within its territory, subject to any regulations applicable to aliens generally in the same circumstances.

Refugees In International Law and Article 27 of 1951 Convention  for refugees define identity papers.
The Contracting States shall issue identity papers to any refugee in their territory
who does not possess a valid travel document.

Refugees In International Law and Article 28 of 1951 Convention  for refugees define travel documents
The Contracting States shall issue to refugees lawfully staying in their
territory travel documents for the purpose of travel outside their territory,
unless compelling reasons of national security or public order otherwise
require, and the provisions of the Schedule to this Convention shall apply
with respect to such documents. The Contracting States may issue such a
travel document to any other refugee in their territory; they shall in particular
give sympathetic consideration to the issue of such a travel document to
refugees in their territory who are unable to obtain a travel document from
the country of their lawful residence.

Refugees In International Law and Article 31 of 1951 Convention  for refugees :
define refugees unlawfully in the country of refugee

. The Contracting States shall not impose penalties, on account of their
illegal entry or presence, on refugees who, coming directly from a territory
where their life or freedom was threatened in the sense of article 1, enter or
are present in their territory without authorization, provided they present
themselves without delay to the authorities and show good cause for their
illegal entry or presence.

Article 38  of 1951 Convention  for refugees define settlement of disputes.
Any dispute between parties to this Convention relating to its interpretation
or application, which cannot be settled by other means, shall be referred to
the International Court of Justice at the request of any one of the parties to
the dispute.

Asylum-seeker. Who is Asylum-Seeker?

 

Refugees In International Law - 1951 Convention for Refugees
Refugees International Law,1951 Convention Refugees, international law,1951 convention, united nations ,convention relating, refugees define, international instruments, refugees, convention ,international,1951, law

        
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